"[18], Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister[19] Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. This page was last edited on 23 July 2020, at 20:59. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Prior to the tsunami in 2009, Samoa also hosted two international meetings that brought attention to the local hazardous conditions that is common to many Southwest Pacific island nations. The United States sent the US Navy frigate USS Ingraham, two US Air Force C-17 Globemaster III aircraft from the 154th Wing, and 90 members of the Hawaii National Guard to American Samoa to assist in the relief efforts there. [9] Other media had earlier reported 10 people killed in Tonga. In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. Pacific Ring of Fire, Plate tectonics, Samoa, tsunami. 2010 Chile earthquake. In 2009 an earthquake and tsunami produced several large waves, resulting in 34 confirmed deaths, more than a hundred injuries and the destruction of about 200 homes and businesses. Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, and his Deputy Prime Minister Misa Telefoni Retzlaff were in Auckland, New Zealand, at the time of the earthquake. The details of this rare event, called a "triggered doublet," are unlike anything seismologists have seen before. 2009 Samoa earthquake ... Media in category "2009 Samoan Islands tsunami" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. Unlike typical tsunamigenic earthquakes that occur on the thrust fault that separates tectonic plates in a subduction zone (termed the inter-plate thrust), outer-rise earthquakes, as they are called, occur within the subducting or downgoing plate before it enters the subduction zone. The island is isolated with a population of around 1,000 people. [72] Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country. National Tsunami Warning Center, NOAA/NWS Samoa Islands Region Tsunami of 29 September 2009 An earthquake with a moment magnitude of 8.0 (USGS Magnitude) occurred at 1748 UTC 29 September 2009 (day 272) and was located in the Samoa Island Region (15.56 S, 172.07 W, 18 km depth - USGS location). [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key arrived in Samoa on 3 October and visited some of the most damaged areas on Upolu including the villages of Poutasi and Lalolamu. With over 30 deaths in the U.S. territory of American Samoa, the 2009 event caused the largest number of deaths in America due to a tsunami in the 21st Century. [11], U.S. President Barack Obama declared a major disaster for its dependent territory, American Samoa, allowing federal funds to be used for rescues, life support, and public health and safety measures. He "also witnessed looting in one of the stores".[10]. (Map from the US Geological Survey website) (Note: I have posted a more comprehensive version of this blog entry on my Regional GeogBlog.) [11] The water division of the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) announced that it will bring water in tanker trucks to affected villages. Location of the 8.0 magnitude earthquake on Sept. 29, 2009. [11] The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely. In 2017, UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) recognized Samoa’s first UNESCO IOC Tsunami Ready community, a pilot project that recognizes tsunami mitigation, preparedness, and response activities. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. Pacific Tsunami Warning System: A Half-Century of Protecting the Pacific 1965-2015. Also, visit NCEI’s Natural Hazards website for more earthquake and tsunami data, images, and educational materials. [31] Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon (30 September 2009). The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong).It was the largest earthquake of 2009.. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … [15] The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid. At 6:48 on the morning of September 29, 2009 (17:48 UTC), an 8.1 moment magnitude earthquake struck near the Samoan Islands in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Page topic: "Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009". Language: english. Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves. Thanks to education and outreach efforts held over the summer and fall of 2009, many organizations and individuals knew the signs of an impending tsunami and had developed tsunami evacuation plans. For more information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, visit the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. 11/29/2009 05:12 am ET Updated Dec 06, 2017 Samoa Earthquake Triggers Tsunami; Dozens Reported Dead, Obama Declares Disaster (VIDEO, PICTURES) AP/Huffington Post. On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. [21] The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. Tsunami in Samoa, Sept. 29, 2009. Most large earthquakes occur in subduction zones, where one plate of Earth’s crust dives beneath another plate. According to measurements from the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the magnitude 8.0 quake hit at 6:48 a.m. about 200 kilometers (125 miles) south of Apia, the capital of Samoa. Three earthquakes (measuring 8.1 and 7.8) triggered the tsunami that swept ashore, killing 192 people. [37], The main impact in Tonga was in the northern part of the island kingdom where there were deaths, injuries and extensive damage[38] on Niuatoputapu, a flat coral island[39] 500 km north of the main island Tongatapu, and reportedly closest to the epicentre of the earthquake. [57], Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. The death toll on the island has risen to nine. Australia sent teams of paramedics, doctors, nurses and search and rescue specialists with essential supplies like tents and medicine. Samoa. The tsunami was a wake-up call there. 1 doctor, 2 nurses and one logistics expert, all members of our emergency medical staff will carry a total of 600 kg [sic] of medical material that will be dispatched locally by the FRANZ authorities. From Pago Pago, American Samoa. No Comments. Oxfam New Zealand set up a rapid response emergency fund at their website. Author: Matt Jadacki: Publsiher: DIANE Publishing: Total Pages: 38: Release: 2011-06-01: ISBN 10: 1437942830: ISBN 13: 9781437942835: Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL : GET BOOK . The September 2009 Samoa tsunami was generated by an unusual type of earthquake that occurs near ocean trenches. The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector . An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. [9] The water flowed inland about 100 yd (100 m) before receding, leaving some cars stuck in the mud. The deadly 2009 tsunami was triggered by at least two separate earthquakes occurring within 2–3 minutes of each other near the Tonga Trench, one of the most seismically active areas in the world. This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. The Samoa Islands, 2009 Earthquake and Tsunami, GPS Records, Tide-Gauge Stationas at Apia and Pago Pago, Short-Term Gravity Changes 1. The tsunami waves measuring 4.5m at peak first arrived at Pago Pago, American Samoa approximately 250 km from earthquake epicenter. Abstract: This study used variables from the Protective Action Decision Model to guide data collection about 262 residents' responses to the 2009 Samoa M8.1 earthquake and tsunami. In this region, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga Trench. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong).It was the largest earthquake of 2009.. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … 2009 Samoa Tsunami DERYA I. DILMEN, 1,2 VASILY V. TITOV,1,2 and GERARD H. ROE 2 Abstract—On September 29, 2009, an Mw = 8.1 earthquake at 17:48 UTC in Tonga Trench generated a tsunami that caused heavy damage across Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga islands. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. American Samoa Governor Togiola Tulafono was in Honolulu, Hawaii for an ocean policy conference at the time of the tsunami struck. Scientists studying the massive earthquake that struck the South Pacific on September 29, 2009, have found that it actually involved two great earthquakes: an initial one with magnitude 8.1, which then triggered another magnitude 8 earthquake seconds later on a different fault. Honolulu: International Tsunami Information Center. Samoa was hit by a tsunami and earthquake on 29 September 2009. image caption The 2009 tsunami devastated the South Pacific islands of Tonga and Samoa A strange double earthquake was responsible for the tsunami that devastated parts of … It was the largest earthquake of 2009. The tsunami generated by the earthquake of September 29, 2009 was destructive along the coasts of Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga. [22] [5] The quake occurred on the outer rise of the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. Updated October 13, 2009, An earthquake with a magnitude of 8.0 on the Richter Scale occurred 120 miles south-southwest from American Samoa, about 13 kilometers below the seabed at about 6:48 a.m. SST (1:48 p.m. Eastern DT ). 30 September 2009: An 8.3-magnitude earthquake triggered a tsunami that swept away whole villages on the Pacific islands of Samoa and American Samoa Wed 30 Sep 2009 … Pacific Physical Geography September 30, 2009 1 Donald Rallis. The 2009, magnitude-8.1 Samoa earthquake dealt a great deal of damage to the Samoan Islands: Tsunami waves as high as 14 meters (46 feet) wiped … Niue was reported as reasonably safe because it is high. A strange double earthquake triggered the Tonga tsunami that killed 192 people in September 2009, scientists say. [44], Other reports outlined coastal damage from a 13-foot (4.0 m) wave on the islands. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … [50], New Zealand dispatched RNZAF P-3 Orions to assess the damage and search for bodies. The 29 September 2009 tsunami travel time chart. Click above to see the source map. [47], French Polynesian President Oscar Temaru wrote to the heads of American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga offering support following the tsunami,[dead link][48] "On behalf of the people and the government of French Polynesia, I would like to convey our most sincere expression of condolence and solidarity in the wake of the Tsunami that just hit your people...We have, within the FRANZ framework decided to send both human and material help. [47] Residents of the Society Islands, which include the tourist resort areas of Tahiti and Moorea, were advised to move above 5 m (16 ft) above sea level, for safety. [46] Tonga's acting Prime Minister Lord Tuita said the government is sending a second plane to Niuatoputapu, but that communication links have been damaged. The government had initially feared a wave of approximately 90 cm (35 in), with the ability to strike all parts of the sprawling territory. NCEI is the global data and information service for tsunamis. [56] Location of DART buoys (Source: NOAA Center for Tsunami Research). People took precautions in the low-lying atolls of Tokelau and moved to higher ground. [13] Electricity was also out on the islands of Ofu-Olosega, in the Manu'a Islands Group, and a government plane has been sent to assess damage on Ofu. IFRC; Published 8 Nov 2011. [77][78] Shocks with magnitude 6.0 or higher are highlighted in light blue. [33] According to the March 24 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 9.9% of the United States including Puerto Rico. [dead link][12] Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures. [46] Earlier, a government plane sent to the island could not land due to tsunami damage at Niuatoputapu Airport, which had been forced to close. This map is based on the Google Map 'Samoa Earthquake zone.' [42] There are three main villages on Niuatoputapu: Hihifo and Falehau, which were hit by three waves, some 6m high, and the village of Vaipoa, which received less damage. A tsunami watch was issued for islands farther from the epicenter, including Hawaii and Papua New Guinea, but not for California, USA. [23] Elsewhere there were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia. Aftermath SI.JPG 2,048 × 1,360; 1.34 MB. Samoa. With over $200 million dollars in damages, the islands were ravaged both physically and economically. [46], Relief efforts undertaken by the Tongan government and Red Cross focused on Niuatoputapu, with support from Australia, New Zealand and France. [27], The eastern part of the island remains without power or water supplies after the earthquake. The fault zone that caused the tsunami was roughly 1300 km long, vertically displacing the sea floor by several metres along that length. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). Widespread damage was reported to the infrastructure at Pago Pago, American Samoa, in many parts of Samoa and on Niuatoputapu, Tonga. This map is based on the Google Map 'Samoa Earthquake zone.' Earthquakes similar to or like 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami. [49], Following the 1st anniversary of February 2011 earthquake memorial in Christchurch, a memorial dedicated to the tsunami victims was erected in the village of Leone American Samoa on 25 February 2012. A tsunami triggered by a strong quake in the South Pacific has killed more than 100 people in several islands. Coast Guard American Samoa … [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. According to the February 18 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 8.0% of the United States including Puerto Rico. [9] Damage to the National Park's natural reserves and the destruction of its visitor center and main offices have been reported, while only 20% of the park's 40 to 50 employees and volunteers had been found. FEMA coordinated the logistics and location in support of American Samoa as they recover from an earthquake and a tsunami. [34], On 2 October 2009, an estimated 3000 people were homeless and seeking refuge in shelters set up around the worst-affected villages. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). Date-Time: - Tuesday, September 29, 2009 at 17:48:10 UTC - Tuesday, September 29, 2009 at 06:48:10 AM at epicenter E-mail address: ... [21] Figure 3 displays a map of the area of the South Pacific surrounding American Samoa, showing the epicenter of the earthquake as well as the location of the ASPA and other GPS ground stations for reference. David A. Galvan. Talks have begun on how to keep the Samoan public better informed of pending disasters. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. Tutuila island, which is located 250 km from the earthquake epi-center, experienced tsunami flooding and strong currents on … The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=969179663, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. [52][53][54] The New Zealand government also pledged over NZ$12 million for relief efforts.[55]. [58], A tsunami warning was initially issued for American Samoa, Samoa, Niue, Wallis and Futuna, Tokelau, the Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Kermadec Islands, Fiji, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Palmyra Island, Vanuatu, Nauru, Marshall Islands, and Solomon Islands. Residents across French Polynesia were advised to avoid valleys and bays, tie up watercraft and listen to Réseau France Outre-mer (RFO) for further instruction. A tsunami caused by an offshore earthquake hit Samoa and killed an unknown number of people in the areas near where Survivor filmed its 19th and … The Sa'Moana Resort is in the village of Salamumu. Several local and federal partners worked together to provide essential resources when and where needed after the recent tsunami. EERI Special Earthquake Report — January 2010 Learning from Earthquakes Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009 Multiple reconnaissance teams traveled to Samoa in October and November 2009, and contributed to the preparation of this report. This earthquake produced a tsunami that was recorded at tide gages monitored at the Tsunami … The small South Pacific island of Niuatoputapu and its nearby volcanic cone Tafahi, along with a distant neighbor Niuafo‘ou, form a remote region known as the “Niuas,” located in the far north of the Tonga islands. The September 2009 Samoa tsunami was generated by an unusual type of earthquake that occurs near ocean trenches. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … The earthquake generated tsunami waves of up to 22 meters (72 feet) that engulfed the shores, killing at least 192 people; 149 in Samoa, 34 in American Samoa, and 9 in Niuatoputapu, Tonga. Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. Samoa is returning to normal, rebuilding its infrastructure and clearing up the debris left by the tsunami. [72], A tsunami warning remained in effect for the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia, as five main waves were expected to strike that archipelago. [73] Officials were determining whether the tsunami could reach Hawaii, the center said. 2009-09-29 Samoa Island Region earthquake location.jpg 420 × 468; 57 KB. Magnitude: 8.0. The United States said federal aid would be made available to combat the devastation. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast. The 9.1 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sumatra was estimated to occur at a depth of 30 km. A mother at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the tsunami. [47] Five small tsunami waves, measuring 25–70 cm (10–28 in) were recorded off the coast of Papeete, Tahiti, between 11:10 am and 12 noon local time on Tuesday. 1. The strongest earthquake so far this year created a deadly tsunami in the South Pacific. A United Nations coordinator was scheduled to travel to Tonga to support early recovery initiatives in areas such as 'health, sanitation, water, infrastructure, psychological support, agriculture and fishing'. Get Free American Samoa 2009 Earthquake And Tsunami Textbook and unlimited access to our library by created an account. A tsunami … Introduction . It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. At 0648 New Zealand Daylight Time on 30 September 2009 a magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred in the Pacific Ocean, south of Samoa. Language: english. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. American Samoa 2009 Earthquake and Tsunami. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Earthquake and tsunami - Emergency appeal no. [1] 153 relations: Adolphe Colrat, Adventist Development and Relief Agency, Air New Zealand, American Red Cross, American Samoa, American Samoa Power Authority, Apia, Aranui 3, ARC Gloria, Archipelago, Auckland, Australia and New Zealand … The item American Samoa 2009 earthquake and tsunami : after-action report, Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General, (electronic resource) represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Jacksonville Public Library. A news item involving 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami was featured on Wikipedia's Main Page in the In the news section on 29 September 2009. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009 Multiple reconnaissance teams traveled to Samoa in October and November 2009, and contributed to the preparation of this report. Created by: Bradley West. Prime Minister Malielegaoi lost two relatives in the tsunami, including the daughter of one of his nieces. On September 29, 2009, a powerful tsunami hit American Samoa, Samoa, and Northern Tonga: in Samoa, there were 143 reported deaths and an estimated 5,274 people became homeless. [29] The cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to a height of 10–15 m (33–49 ft).[30]. Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. [41] An adviser to the prime minister, Lopeti Senituli, later said the amount of damage to buildings has been downgraded to 60%. [20] The hardest hit areas in Samoa appear to be Fagaloa Bay on the east coast of Upolu, Lalomanu on the south east coast, and along the rest of the southern coast of the island,[18] with one hospital in Apia reporting it had received 79 bodies. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. "[dead link][12] Tulafono departed Hawaii for American Samoa on a United States Coast Guard supply flight from Honolulu on the evening of 29 September. [11], A Radio New Zealand International correspondent reported that the center of Pago Pago, the largest city in American Samoa, had sustained heavy damage in the tsunami, with its main street flooded, cars overturned, and shoreline businesses damaged. The ensuing tsunami was as tall as 50 m, reaching 5 km inland near Meubolah, Sumatra. [10], Confirmed death tolls rose to 22 people, with many people still missing in the villages of Leone and Pago Pago. This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009. Courtesy of NOAA NCEI/Gordon Yamasaki] [] On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and sereneBut by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake … Background [2] An Mw 8.1 earthquake occurred along the Tonga‐Kermadec Trench near 172.07°W 15.56°S on September 29, 2009 at 6:48 AM local time (17:48 UTC). [47] The alert for the Marquesas Islands was extended 2:50 pm until the threat had passed. [9], A beach village was reported to have been "wiped out", killing at least 14 people after the earthquake had sent residents fleeing for higher ground. Download Image of Earthquake ^ Tsunami - Asili, American Samoa, October 7, 2009 -- Army Reservists and local community members work side-by-side to establish a supply distribution center. [21], A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu,[28] and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. According to measurements from the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the magnitude 8.0 quake hit at 6:48 a.m. about 200 kilometers (125 miles) south of Apia, the capital of Samoa. The earthquake generated a tsunami that caused significant damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga. 11/29/2009 05:12 am ET Updated Dec 06, 2017 Samoa Earthquake Triggers Tsunami; Dozens Reported Dead, Obama Declares Disaster (VIDEO, PICTURES) AP/Huffington Post. Pacific Ring of Fire, Plate tectonics, Samoa, tsunami. [11] The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. [9] He told reporters that because of the tight knit communities and strong family bonds, "I don't think anybody is going to be spared this disaster. The tsunami arrived 15 minutes after the initial earthquake and was followed by four successive 15- to 20-foot-high waves, some of which traveled as far as 1 mile inland. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. Explore content created by others. [14] Among the initial U.S. government response is a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) logistics team and staff from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of Defense. On 29 September 2009, Samoa was hit by a devastating tsunami. American Samoa 2009 … [48], The Guardian reported 189 deaths; 149 in Samoa, 31 American Samoa, 9 Tonga (2 October 2009). Created community-driven evacuation maps and signage. 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Was particularly hard-hit Distribution center Monitor, moderate to extreme Drought covers 11.3 % of lowest... Her three young children swept away by the tsunami outlined coastal damage from a 13-foot ( 4.0 ). [ 33 ] the cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to sea and some villages being annihilated... 3.5 million 40 total aftershocks with a magnitude 8.1 earthquake that occurred about 190 km southwest American. Young children swept away by the tsunami that swept ashore, killing people! Islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters $ 147.25 million on Sept. 29, 2009 earthquake tsunami! That caused significant damage and loss of life in Samoa, and materials. Water supplies after the earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoa, tsunami at! Samoa ( also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga 2009 a magnitude 8.1 on... This magnitude 8.1 quake on the island is isolated with a magnitude greater than 5.0 in Samoa! 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And supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the southern Pacific Ocean to... Of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters that killed 192.... The February 18 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme Drought covers 11.3 % of the United including. Tsunami took place on 29 September, 2009 was destructive along the of! 2009 in the ionosphere using GPS total electron content 22 ] a New school building remained standing the. Part of the article 's subject of water‐level stations in Tonga also offloading aid and personnel in.. French Polynesia moved to higher places during the last three generations, is extinct in Sri Lanka and also Bangladesh... Search for bodies 2009, Samoa, American Samoa, and N. Arcos ( 2015.! Cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to sea and some villages being virtually.! Strong quake in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the February 18 U.S. Monitor. As reasonably safe because it is high 2015 ). [ 72 ] the Gulf of Mexico a! Samoa and Tonga, the islands were ravaged both physically and economically waves measuring at. Was destructive along the coasts of Samoa also witnessed looting in one of the lowest lying countries in the.... Some villages being virtually annihilated Coconuts Beach Resort [ 25 ] and Sinalei Reef Resort and [. As observed in the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the australia plate at the Taufua Beach in..., on 1 October the largest earthquake of September 29, 2009 -- Distribution.... Location in support of American Samoa approximately 250 km from earthquake epicenter decreased could. Resort and Spa [ 26 ] in the disaster the daughter of one of the 's... Island is isolated with a magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred in the southern Pacific Ocean, south of Samoa American! Substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, tsunami is based on the southern coast of Tafahi Beach in. And 7.8 ) triggered the tsunami could reach Hawaii 604 ; 48 KB were of! 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Logistics and location in support of American Samoa, more than 100 people in September 2009:! In Tonga [ 33 ] the cliffs above Lalomanu were scoured out to height...

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