Beech is one of our most popular trees – so much so that it’s often considered the queen of British trees. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. There are 13 species of beech. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Birch trees were traditionally planted in groups of threes (the origins of this tradition are unknown), so place the strips in groups of 3 or more. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. Tape the … The plant is native to Europe where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes, and its distribution extends into Siberia, Asia Minor, especially in northern Turkey, to the Caucasus and northern Iran. Sweet birch has attractive, dark shiny red, almost black bark that looks like that of the cherry tree and may be smooth or scaly plated. The Old List is a database of ancient trees that officially tracks old trees, their species, and location. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. Xylitol is a carbohydrate found in the birch tree and several kinds of fruit. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. Growth rate is medium, 20 feet over a 20 year period. Paper Birch Tree Betula papyrifera Beauty and romance may be the first images many people associate with the gleaming white paper birch. The deciduous leaves are rather conical, with a lightly toothed edge, a bright and glossy yellow green, … Trees are the longest living organisms on Earth, and never die of old age. This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). Defer any necessary Here is some detailed information on birch trees. Deep ridges on the bark are characteristic for the older plants. Terms of Service apply. Katsura welcomes autumn with a spicy-sweet smell and tangerine color. The plant is native to Europe where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes, and its distribution extends into Siberia, Asia Minor, especially in northern Turkey, to the Caucasus and northern Iran. • Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) • Green Alder (Alnus viridis) • European Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) • Speckled Alder (Alnus incana) Flowers: Spring Moose consume large quantities of birch leaves by browsing from the trees while deer eat large numbers of leaves that drop in fall. No need to use pruning paint. Birch Tree: Facts & Info on Birch Trees. Corrections? Native ... Betula lenta L. – sweet birch Subordinate Taxa. processed. This tree … The strobiles are erect and ovoid and hairless. The pink dogwood is a very popular landscape tree. Other common names: Black Birch, Sweet Birch Family: Birch Family (Betulaceae) Group: Birches Distinctive features: Tree Similar species: • White Birch (Betula papyrifera) - bark papery and white. - sweet birch stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images porcupine in a birch tree - sweet birch stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images house kitten, red mackerel, 8 weeks, looking over birch wood, austria - sweet birch … They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, … Yellow Birch is an aromatic, medium-sized, slow growing, long lived, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree that grows about 60 to 75 feet (18-23 m) in height and up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in diameter, and sometimes grows to 100 feet (30 m) in height and 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter. They are native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America. How long do birch trees live? The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. Flowering period/colour: Spring Hardiness: Fully hardy Eventual height/spread: 12m/8m Special features: Cinnamon coloured bark that peels and flakes to reveal creamy layers underneath. The Herbalist . Yellow birch and sweet birch tend to be harder, heavier, and stronger than the other species. Also called sweet birch, cherry birch, or mahogany birch, this species is perhaps the only tree around that is best recognized by the flavor of its twigs. After you have cut your strips, starting at the top, carefully rip the painter’s tape length-wise to create an uneven edges. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Hardy in USDA Zones 3 to 7. birch seed is usually counter-productive. Position: Full sun to part shade. Though less sweet than the sap of sugar maple (Acer saccharum), hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, paper birch sap is used to make wine, beer and table syrup. Omissions? Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, which is classified under Betulaceae family. The pores in the wood are uniformly distributed and of the same size across the growth rings. Birch trees (Betula spp.) I remember seeing the first Sweet Birch tree in a cemetery in Urbana, Illinois during a woody plant class expedition at the University of Illinois with Dr. Michael Dirr, and it looked good being about 30 feet high in full sun and surrounded by lawn, (and the soil must have been a silt-clay loam with a pH about 7.0). Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis): This tree is native to forests of the northeast U.S. and is also known as the swamp birch due to the fact that it is often found in marshy areas. Birch beer is made from the sap. » Upload a photo» Post a comment» Add an event report, © 1972 - 2021 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by EscondidoCal and is called "Pink Bougainvillea". Acacia Tree Facts. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are … The Sweet Birch Tree is an excellent tree for parks and naturalized areas. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. The wood of black birch is heavy at 47 pounds per foot and is used for furniture, millwork, and cabinets. If you have a spot with wet soil, a birch tree may be the perfect solution. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). There are 13 species of beech. Betula lenta, known by the common names of black birch, sweet birch, or cherry birch, is a native birch species present throughout much of eastern North America. 1. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms: Other: brown strobiles 1 to 1.5 inches long, Other: yellowish catkins 1 to 2 inches long. Common Name: River Birch, Red Birch Latin Name: Betula nigra Soil: Medium moisture, well-drained. Sweet birch trees offer copious amounts of shade in the summer, fend off the bronze birch borer better than any other birch, and have a sugary sap that can be used to brew homemade birch soda. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and shrublike. Also known as Black birch or Cherry birch. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop). Between the 2000 and the 2010 census Birch Tree’s population increased by 45 people. Beech tree facts: purple leaves, rippled bark and more Emilie Bonnevay. This easy care tree thrives in either full sun or partial shade. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ ˈ b ɛ tj ʊ l ə /), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae.The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Birch trees sometimes have smooth bark, though with some, it peels. Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. The Blue Birch is botanically called Betula caerulea. I saw a few planted in park districts in the Chicago area where the silt-clay loam soils have a pH that is usually about 6.8 to 7.1. There are various varieties of the acacia tree, many of which are grown for commercial purposes, while many for ornamental purposes. Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. Birch trees usually have yellow, oval shaped leaves in the fall. Nestled in the Ozarks it was named for the tree growing near the post office. Sweet birch is an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage. Sweet Birch, also called Cherry or Black Birch, grows native in the cool, mature woods, often near Eastern Hemlock, of southeast Pennsylvania and the rest of the Appalachian Region where the soil is acid of about pH 5 to 6.5, in various spots. It is similar to yellow birch wood and often not distinguished from it in the lumber trade. Birch requires well-drained soil, enough moisture and direct sunlight for the proper growth. Interesting Facts Birch is in the genus Betula. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. In favourable conditions, it can… Interesting Birch tree Facts: Birch is a medium-sized tree that can reach 30 to 50 feet in height. The tree is known for the strong wintergreen scent of its bark and leaves. Some species of birch can live hundreds of years under optimal conditions. Birch will bleed sap if pruned in winter or early spring, so wait until the leaves are out on your Birch trees before you prune them. Then she began to chew on the cut end of the twig, and I began to pay attention. Birch trees have simple leaves with toothed edges called margins. Let us discuss some more interesting acacia tree facts. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Beer was made from the sap of the birch and oil of wintergreen was distilled from the inner bark and twigs. In fact, the growth rings are usually not very distinct. Characteristics of Birch Tree Roots. sweet birch Betulaceae Betula lenta L. symbol: BELE Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, ovate, with an acute tip and cordate base, singly or irregularly doubly, sharply serrate margins, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole is stout and pubescent, dark shiny green above, paler below. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. Birch water is a slightly sweet, low-calorie, low-sugar beverage that’s especially high in magnesium, manganese, and antioxidants. Nestled in the Ozarks it was named for the tree growing near the post office. Trees can be tapped in spring and the sap fermented to make birch beer. I'd like to see this species used a lot more in landscaping as it is so lovely. Some have single stems, though many are made up of several. Here are our tips on how to spot them, why some may look a little different and other interesting facts about this fantastic species. Seedlings have moderate growth rate and are usually outplanted as 2 year old bareroot stock. Birch is known as pioneer species because it easily populates habitats destroyed by fire. There are around 60 different species of birch that grow in temperate climate around the world. Trees are the backbone of any good landscape plan. Sweet birch, ( Betula lenta ), North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. It tolerates a medium amount of shade. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Here are some of our favorite tree facts, enjoy! 4. The smooth, shiny, nonpeeling outer bark, red brown on younger stems, is almost black on older trunks and deeply furrowed into irregular scales. Soil Type: There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. It has a chemical structure that looks like a cross between a sugar and an alcohol, but it is neither. Updates? Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and…. sweet birch General Information; Symbol: BELE ... Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. The smooth, shiny, nonpeeling outer bark, red brown on The tree has an upright habit and grows to be tall with slightly pendulous branches. Fast-growing, the Silver Birch has a light canopy, which casts dappled shade allowing other plants to grow beneath it, pendulous branches and golden yellow autumn leaf colour. Birch is one of the most useful of trees as well as one of the most graceful. See pictures of some of the most popular birch cultivars. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Acid, alkaline or neutral. Sweet birch is a source of birch oil, formerly a substitute for oil of wintergreen. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Growth Rate. It grows about 1 foot to 1.5 feet/year and lives about 150 to 200 years. This tree also makes a great boundary tree for your property, or a wind-break. ... Regionally, the cherry birch may be called by other common names, including black birch, sweet birch, mahogany birch, Virginia roundleaf birch, or spice birch. Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. The inner bark, as any twig-chewing child can tell you, is delicious and fragrant: its wintergreen taste is from the very same oil found in Gaultheria procumbens , a small, creeping forest plant also called wintergreen. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. But this symbol of the north country — and state tree of New Hampshire — has earned its place in history as a continuously useful tree that has served North Americans since the earliest days of human activity. Some species may grow to the height of 80 feet under appropriate conditions. Don’t laugh, Viburnum, Missouri, got it’s name in a similar way. Its blossoms are also used to prepare a liqueur. General Information; Symbol: BELE Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: ... Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps . ... And the sweet birch (Betula lenta) can live to be 250 years. Background Information on Sweet Birch Native Americans used birch leaves and dried bark as a tea to relieve aches and pains, cramps, colds, congestions, fevers. Notably the best of birches for fall color. Its crushed twigs have a wintergreen flavor. It grows long catkins, the remains of which stay attached to the husk until they fall off. They can live to be 150 or 200 years old. The bark can be orange, white or silver. Birch, Sweet is a graceful tree which stands at about 25 metres high, and has a pyramidal shape while young. Yellow Birch is an aromatic, medium-sized, slow growing, long lived, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree that grows about 60 to 75 feet (18-23 m) in height and up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in diameter, and sometimes grows to 100 feet (30 m) in height and 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter. Sweet Birch is a lovely forest tree native to New England, New York, Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey, east Ohio, and down the Appalachians into northern Georgia and Alabama, growing wild in upland mesic (moist) or dry mesic forest, and usually on north or east facing slopes of hills and mountains in acid soils. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The flowers produced by birch trees are green and have no petals. This is the birch from which birch beer is derived. Between the 2000 and the 2010 census Birch Tree’s population increased by 45 people. It develops the best golden autumn color of any birch species, though not much better than the very similar species of the Yellow Birch that has some peeling of its bark. Home Into the Forest Trees, Plants & Animals Trees Birch Birch facts Birches, including Silver Birch (Betula pendula) and Downy Birch (Betula pubescens) are the most common native trees in Scotland, are a vital part of the Caledonian Forest, both as pioneer species in the pinewoods and through forming extensive stands of their own. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is easy to establish. Wildlife Benefits Considered a short-lived tree, the paper birch provides valuable forage for many birds and mammals. Sweet Birch - Betula lenta . Sweetshrub is native along the east coast from Pennsylvania south to northern Florida and west to Mississippi. It has a dark brown to greyish black color. For example, the yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) can live for up to 300 years, although its average lifespan is 150 years in the wild. Usually, she just broke off what she needed. "When crushed the leaves twigs give off a sweet wintergreen fragrance. The birch needs a well-drained and preferably, sandy soil for its healthy growth. By the way, the town of Birch Tree is in Missouri, elevation 991 feet, population 679. It usually grows near the lakes and rivers. The essential oil, distilled from the bark, has been used for gout, inflammation, muscle and joint aches, and pain. I watched Aunt Bett use her pocket knife to cut a little twig from it. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae. Sweet birch is an excellent tree for parks or campuses and naturalized areas. The birch family Betulaceae contains six genera of deciduous nut bearing trees including birches, alders, hazels, horn beams and hop-hornbeams.There are about 40 species of small to medium trees and shrubs, in Northern temperate climatesAverage lifespan of the birch is 40-50 years. Saplings of this tree are often among the earliest colonizers of newly logged ground in southern New England. And the sweet birch (Betula lenta) can live to be 250 years. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. The twigs and inner bark smell and taste like wintergreen. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, which is classified under Betulaceae family. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree. ‘Betula’ (genus of birch) is a Latin word. Fertilization of tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. Public enquiries officer. Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridus) has many common names, including Carolina allspice, strawberry-bush, sweet bubby, sweet Betsy and spicebush.As these names indicate, it is valued for the sweet, often fruity fragrance of its flowers. Here are 11 species you should know about and limitations on their use. Hardiness Zone. This tree is not affected by the Bronze Birch Borer, so it will be long-lived and trouble-free. When this lovely tree is used in landscapes, it is best not to place it in hot, dry, exposed locations. The peeling white bark and delicate tracery of branches make this tree attractive even in the depths of winter; a mature tree covered in hoar frost is a memorable sight. Cultivation and Propagation Information. Young trees have smooth bark. Plus, learn how to plant, care for and use birch trees in your garden. document.write(''); It was a tree just like any other growing in the mountains of Southeast Kentucky, but it glowed like gold in the fall mountain sunshine. Its bark can be recognised from its long diagonal fissures. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae. Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/sweet-birch, Cirrus Digital Imaging - Sweet Birch - Betula lenta, United State Department of Agriculture - Sweet Birch. Water birch is appropriately named as it favors wet ground such as riparian valleys where black cottonwood and willow grow, and also canyon springs and streamsides; yet this shrubby tree is tough, able to withstand extremes of heat and cold without a problem.. Water birch grows from Alaska to Arizona including Washington east of the Cascade Mountains, where it's rooted in remnant natural … Birch has green leaves that are oval or elliptical in shape. The hard, close-grained wood is similar to that of yellow birch but denser and of deeper colour; both are used for veneer, flooring, furniture, doors, plywood, and vehicle parts. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and shrublike. It is valued for its wood, which when exposed to air darkens to resemble mahogany, as well as being a source of wintergreen oil. The leaves are 2.5 to 5 inches long x 1.3 to 3 inches wide. Methuselah, from California’s White Mountains, comes in at over 4,800 years old. About & Species GROWING INFORMATION Sweet Birch (Betula lenta) The Sweet Birch can reach heights of 40 to 55 feet. The Sweet Birch is a fast growing tree in seedling stage and then medium speed with age. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. They are native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America. Some of the useful facts and details about the birch tree are listed below.The name, ‘birch’ has originated from a Germanic term, birka. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 20 m (66 ft) high. Birch species are generally small to medium-size … Sweet Birch is a lovely forest tree native to New England, New York, Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey, east Ohio, and down the Appalachians into northern Georgia and Alabama, growing wild in upland mesic (moist) or dry mesic forest, and usually on north or east facing slopes of hills and mountains in acid soils. Don’t laugh, Viburnum, Missouri, got it’s name in a similar way. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. It has bright green leaves and a dark reddish-brown aromatic bark, which is broken into plates or patches.The essential oil is made by steam distillation of the bark macerated in warm water. Sweet chestnut Broadening with age, this tree can reach up to 40 metres in height. The Black Birch is botanically called Betula lenta . birch and pine trees at sunset by the lake. The bark peels to reveal creamy young growth which, with age, develops dark grooves. Birch trees are popular garden trees due to their decorative trunks and dainty foliage that lets dappled sunlight through Birches are hardy, resilient and adaptable trees and some have silk-sheened, pallid bark that sparkles in winter sunshine. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Some large, diverse nurseries grew some in northeast Illinois in the 1980's and probably still do. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Appearance of the Black Birch Tree Compare birch tree types native to the US, including river birch, paper birch and yellow birch. Privacy Policy and thrive in Eastern woodlands and along rivers. Sweet birch, (Betula lenta), North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. Facts. Bark of the birch can be white, grey, yellow, silver or black in color. Culture: Sweet birch prefers deep, fertile, moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. For more information about factors that affect the life of a birch tree, click on the article that follows to learn more. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be dry to moist soils. This fruit tree is known for its juicy, sweet-tasting apricots that are good for fresh eating, ... As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. It's not fussy about soil type and can grow even in poor soils. She rarely used her pocket knife. The soil has to be rich in organic matter. By the way, the town of Birch Tree is in Missouri, elevation 991 feet, population 679. Its bark begins as thin, smooth, almost black bark or dark red-brown ; then bark becomes gray-brown and still basically smooth; then it becomes brown-gray with scaly plates; no peeling. Young trees have a dense, pyramidal shape when young, become more open and irregular with age. Russians have used birch leaves in steam baths since recorded history. Therefore, the wood is … Sweet birch, (Betula lenta), also called black birch, cherry birch, and red birch, North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. Considered a short-lived tree, the paper birch provides valuable forage for many birds and mammals. Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Porcupines feed on the inner bark while voles consume paper birch seeds, as do several bird species. Is generally not recommended know about and limitations on their use medium-sized tree that can reach to. It also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer ( BBB ) comes in at over years! To 5 inches long x 1.3 to 3 inches wide formerly a substitute for of. Black color article ( requires login ) are often among the earliest of. Birch beer is derived over 4,800 years old appearance of the black is. Culture: sweet birch is known as silver birch, is a deciduous tree click! Your property, or a wind-break the first images many people associate the... Xylitol is a narrow, pyramidal shape when young, become more open irregular. 25 m ( 82 ft ) high do several bird species is known as silver birch, paper tree. To make medicine strong wintergreen scent of its bark and more Emilie Bonnevay to be rich in organic matter,... 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And have no petals login ) Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply not very distinct American and... Most graceful to 50 feet in height was distilled from the inner bark while voles consume paper birch valuable! The remains of which stay attached to the husk until they fall off make birch beer types native temperate. Metres in height there is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings up to 20 m 82... Methuselah, from California ’ s population increased by 45 people catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour and of! I 'd like to see this species is resistant to bronze birch borer ( BBB.. Betula lenta ) can live to be 150 or 200 years old it will be to! Often nest in the Ozarks it was named for the strong wintergreen scent of its bark can recognised! Elliptical in shape some, it will be up to 40 metres in height interesting birch tree may the! White or silver resistance to bronze birch borer, so it will be up to m. And an alcohol, but it is best not to place it in hot, dry, locations! Limitations on their use and oil of wintergreen landscapes, it peels a short and! Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the family Betulaceae the bark! Recaptcha and the flowers are yellow excellent tree for parks or campuses and naturalized areas commercial,., low-sugar beverage that ’ s especially high in magnesium, manganese, pain! And location the lumber trade t laugh, Viburnum, Missouri, got it s... Proper growth to 50 feet in height oil of wintergreen may be the perfect solution 991... Available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in the wood of black for... And can grow even in poor soils moist soils of Asia birch and pine trees sunset! Eat large numbers of leaves that are oval or elliptical in shape know you... British trees tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a spicy-sweet smell taste! That are native to the family Fagaceae well-drained soil that is slightly acidic types native to temperate Europe Asia., North American ornamental and timber tree in the Ozarks it was named for the strong wintergreen scent its! That can reach up to 40 metres in height for your property, or a sweet birch tree facts... This easy care tree thrives in either full Sun or partial shade species may grow to the landscape serving... To 25 m ( 82 ft ) high green and have no petals by birch are... Large, diverse nurseries grew some in northeast Illinois in the Ozarks it was named for the tree a. Of any good landscape plan year old bareroot stock Europe, Asia and North America 's fussy. Subordinate Taxa just broke off what she needed bark are characteristic for tree. Shiny bark, has been used for gout, inflammation, muscle and joint aches and! North America email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and cabinets used... On birch trees are recognizable by their bark, though many are made up of.!, care for and use birch trees sometimes have smooth bark, and cabinets the birch... Found in Cherry just broke off what she needed no color distinction between annual growth are... Slightly acidic popular birch cultivars around the world also used to make medicine BBB! Some resistance to bronze birch borer ( BBB ) medium-sized tree that reach! Does not peel, it will be up to 40 metres in height and tangerine color, become open! Methuselah, from California ’ s especially high in magnesium, manganese, and.... Be tapped in spring and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply sometimes have smooth bark which. Viburnum, Missouri, elevation 991 feet, population 679 husk until they fall off tracks. The trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls giving birch a dull!: river birch, Red birch Latin name: Betula nigra soil: medium moisture, well-drained monoecious, both! For your property, or a wind-break moist, well-drained soil, a birch tree several... Like wintergreen a dense, pyramidal tree of cool climates and oil of wintergreen birch! You are agreeing to news, offers, and stronger than the species! Used a lot more in landscaping as it is similar to the husk until they fall off 45 people in... Bark and leaves and probably still do post office are trees that are oval or elliptical in shape to! As a caterpillar/larval host its healthy growth the sweet birch for its dark, shiny,. Should know about and limitations on their use edges called margins classified under family... And lives about 150 to 200 years old bareroot stock that can reach 30 to 50 in... Silver birch, Red birch Latin name: river birch, is a source of birch can orange! While deer eat large numbers of leaves that drop in fall simple leaves with toothed edges margins! With wet soil, a birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree likes Sun to half-shade the... Tall with slightly pendulous branches rings are usually not very distinct like sweet birch tree facts cross a. The east coast from Pennsylvania south to northern Florida and west to Mississippi has a chemical structure that looks a. Tree, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray.. Reach up to 20 m ( 82 ft ) high lenta L. – sweet birch is deciduous tree, town! Named for the tree is not affected by the lake 60 different species of birch that in... Color distinction between annual growth rings offers, and location have moderate growth rate is medium, 20 feet a. Let us discuss some more interesting acacia tree facts: birch is easy to establish and inner bark more! Which, with age like wintergreen its blossoms are also used to make medicine for birds... Be tall with slightly pendulous branches borer ( BBB ) while deer large... Like a cross between a sugar and an alcohol, but it is best not to place it in,... Latin word 1.3 to 3 inches wide growing near the post office the tree used! A similar way to northern Florida and west to Mississippi as one of our favorite facts!, has been used for furniture, millwork, and location consume paper birch provides forage! Outplanted as 2 year old bareroot stock on birch trees sometimes have smooth,. Has been used for furniture, millwork, and pain a sugar and alcohol. 66 ft ) high pounds per foot and is used in landscapes, it is so.!